What Are Some Volga River Facts?


Quick Answer

The Volga River is the principal waterway of western Russia. It is 2,193 miles long, beginning northwest of Moscow in the Valdai Hills and ending at the Caspian Sea.

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Full Answer

The Volga River receives water from about 200 tributaries, and its basin contains about half of the Russian population. It is the European continent's longest river, beginning at 748 feet above sea level and emptying at 92 feet below sea level. It is connected to the Moscow and Oka Rivers through the Moscow Canal and connected to the Don River and Black Sea through other canals. The Volga is responsible for carrying almost half of all river freight in Russia, of which grain and oil are the most prevalent. Dams in the Volga River are used for hydroelectrc power and irrigation. Eight reservoirs are found along the Volga River: Volgograd Reservoir, Saratov Reservoir, Kuybyshev Reservoir, Cheboksary Reservoir, Gorky Reservoir, Rybinsk Reservoir, Uglich Reservoir and Ivankovo Reservoir. The Volga River's shoreline has been home to many different ethnic groups, including the Scythians, Huns and Turks in the first millennium A.D. It is responsible for the movement of people between Europe and Asia and served as a trade route between Scandinavia and Persia.

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