The Innuitian Mountains have almost no vegetation because of their cold, harsh climate. These mountains in the Canadian territories of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories lie north of the Arctic tree line.
Vast areas of permafrost cover the barren landscape of the Innuitian Mountains, which are located at 81 degrees north latitude. They form part of the Arctic Cordillera, a mountain system that runs along the northeastern shore of North America. The Innuitian range extends 800 miles and has peaks above 8,200 feet in some places. The highest summit, Barbeau Peak on Ellesmere Island, reaches 8,583 feet. Because of the harsh climate, little wildlife exists in these mountains, and little exploration has taken place there.
Several smaller mountain ranges, among them the United States Range, the British Empire Range and the Princess Margaret Range, make up the Innuitian range. The name of the mountains comes from the indigenous people of the region, the Inuit.
Sedimentary rock is the main component of the Innuitian Mountains, but they also contain igneous and metamorphic rock. In their composition and mineral content, they resemble the Appalachian Mountains. The harsh climate and remoteness of the Innuitian Mountains, however, limits most exploitation of that mineral content.