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What are some facts about the United States?

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The United States is a large nation with diverse geographical features, such as the highest mountain peak in North America, five different climates and the world's largest coal reserves, reports the Central Intelligence Agency. The lowest point in the United States is Death Valley in California.

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Mount McKinley, which is 6,194 meters high, has the highest mountain peak in North America, according to the Central Intelligence Agency. The lowest point in the United States, Death Valley, is 86 meters below sea level. The United States is about half the size of Russia and more than twice as large as the European Union.

The United States is bordered by Canada to the North and Mexico to the South, notes About.com. The country also has 12,380 miles of coastline. Washington, D.C., is the nation's capital.

The country has several mountainous areas, and the most notable are the Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains, as National Geographic explains. The Mississippi, Missouri and Colorado are the most important rivers. The United States is such a large country that it is bordered by the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, and it is the third largest country in the world. The United States is a constitution-based republic that includes 50 states and the District of Columbia.

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