Ukraine is located in the central part of Eastern Europe. Most of the country is situated southwest of the Eastern European plain. Ukraine borders Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary and Romania to the southwest, Belarus to the north, Russia to the northeast, and Moldova to the southwest. The Black Sea lies along the southern coast of the country.Continue Reading
In area, Ukraine is slightly smaller than Texas. This makes it the largest country to be situated entirely in Europe. The majority of the country is made up of grassy, fertile plains and plateaus. Mountainous regions are located in the west and extreme south. Although Ukraine has 23,000 rivers within its borders, with the longest being the Dnieper, it has no inland bodies of water. The country's capital is Kiev. Ukraine's population, based on a July 2014 estimate, is over 44 million.
Crimea, the southernmost region of the country, was subject to a referendum on March 16, 2014 in which it was annexed by Russia. The annexation was contested internationally. Before the 20th century, parts of what are now Ukraine were controlled by Russia, Poland and Lithuania. Russia and the Soviet Union went to great efforts from the 18th to 20th centuries to get the people of Ukraine to identify with Russia.Learn more about Europe