The Nile River and its adjacent lakes are home to over 100 fish species, including perch, catfish and tilapia. Tilapia and perch are popular food fish with rapid reproductive cycles. Nile catfish live at the bottom of the river and are also edible, but they are unpopular in many cultures because they eat dead and dying fish and other material that sinks down to the riverbed.Continue Reading
Nile perch are aggressive predators. Adult specimens are silver with a thin blue stripe on both sides. They are often over 5 feet long and weigh more than 300 pounds. These feisty fish are popular among sports anglers and are an important component of the tourism industry in and around the Nile basin.
Silver cyprinids are also abundant in the Nile's ecosystem. These ray-finned fish live in Lake Victoria, one of the Nile's largest and most important sources. Cyprinids are nocturnal and attracted to luminescent lures, especially on cloudy or moonless nights. These fish are one of the most important protein sources for humans in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya.
Many other animals also live in the Nile and along its shores. These include hippopotamuses and rhinoceroses. Hippos are especially fearsome because of their extreme aggression toward humans, remarkable running speed and immensely powerful jaws.Learn more about Bodies of Water
The Nile River has an average depth of 26 to 36 feet. It can change significantly during periods of flood. In ancient times, the waters of the Nile rose and flooded the surrounding plains. The construction of the Aswan dam has largely ended this natural inundation.Full Answer >
The White Nile, considered the primary source of the Nile River, starts at Lake No located in South Sudan. Some people consider Lake Victoria, the rivers that drain from it and feed into the White Nile the start of the Nile instead. Most of the water comes from the Blue Nile, along with most of the fertile soil.Full Answer >
The Nile River is important because it provides Egypt with irrigation, hydroelectric power, a steady water supply and rich soil. It was the lifeblood of ancient Egyptian transport, commerce and agriculture, and remains crucial for sustaining life in the barren deserts of Egypt today. At over 4,000 miles long, it is the longest river in the world.Full Answer >
The Nile River originates chiefly from Lake Victoria, which rests at the border of the African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The lake is the largest on the continent of Africa and the second-largest freshwater lake in the world.Full Answer >