New Zealand's system of government is parliamentary democracy. As of 2015, the country is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, with Queen Elizabeth II as the chief of state.
New Zealand is located in Oceania in the southeast portion of Australia. The country gained independence from the United Kingdom on September 26, 1907, with its capital city established in Wellington. New Zealand's government is divided into the executive, legislative and judicial branches.
The chief of state appoints a governor general who acts as the representative in New Zealand. The elected leader of a majority party or majority bloc in the single-chambered Parliament is typically appointed as prime minister by the governor general. The prime minister serves as head of government in the country.