Argentina is a representative democratic republic, a system of governance based on elected officials representing the people of that country and their interests. It functions as a federal system with a presidential head of state and three branches: executive, legislative and judicial.
As a representative democracy, Argentina's government is founded on free and fair elections. As a federal system, governance is not centralized but rather distributed to provinces that hold power not allocated to the central government. Argentina has 23 provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires. The three branches of government perform separate but equally important functions, mainly writing, passing and enforcing legislation and laws.