Peru and Paraguay are two South American countries that begin with the letter P. Peru lies on the west coast of South America, and Paraguay is landlocked in the center of the country.
Peru borders Ecuador and Columbia to its north, Brazil to its east, and Bolivia and Chile to its south. The Andean mountains and highlands cover a third of the country. Lima became the country's capital city in 1535, replacing the original Inca capital of Cusco.
Paraguay borders Bolivia and Brazil to its north and Argentina to its south. Its capital city, Asuncion, is one of South America's oldest cities.
Spanish is the official language for both countries.