The two countries that share the island of Hispaniola are Haiti and the Dominican Republic. The name Hispaniola is derived from the Spanish "Isla Española," which means "Spanish island." The first colony Christopher Columbus founded on his 1492 and 1493 voyages was Hispaniola.
Hispaniola is ranked as the 22nd largest island in the world and is located in the Caribbean Sea as part of the Greater Antilles island group. The island of Hispaniola has an area of about 29,500 square miles. Haiti covers about 10,700 square miles on the west of the island, whereas the Dominican Republic measures about 18,700 square miles and sits on the east end of the island. Mountainous terrain features prominently in the topography of the island.