Tunis is the capital of Tunisia. Located on the Gulf of Tunis on the Mediterranean Sea, Tunis is also the largest city in Tunisia and an important center of trade.
Tunis has been an important city for centuries because of its coastal location in the center of the Mediterranean trading networks. Destroyed during the Punic Wars by Rome, the city rose to prominence again under Roman control, then it became a capital under the Muslims who conquered the area in the seventh century. It became a capital of the area again in the ninth and 13th centuries, a position it held until it was conquered by a series of European imperial rulers in the 16th century. When Tunisia became an independent country in 1956, Tunis was established as the capital.