Tulum, Mexico is located in Quintana Roo state on the southeastern tip of the Mexican Caribbean coastline. It is known as the site of a pre-Columbian Mayan city that served the port of Cobá, the ruins of which can be seen to this day.
Historians believe the ancient Mayan city that preceded Tulum was originally called Zama and had an estimated population of between 1,000 and 1,600 people. Lack of resistance to diseases introduced by the Spanish is thought to have caused the devastation of the city’s population. Tulum is uniquely situated on the Yucatan Peninsula and is a short distance from Cancun. The ruins serve as a major tourist attraction and resemble those found in nearby Chichen Itza. The most popular sites are the Pyramid El Castillo, or the Castle, and the God of Winds Temple, both of which remain in remarkably good condition.