TransAsia Airways is an international passenger airline company that focuses primarily on flights to and from Asian locations. In February 2015, the airline suffered its second crash involving fatalities within six months. This crash caused the grounding of all the airline pilots until they completed an oral safety exam successfully.
TransAsia began flights in 1951 but stopped flying to focus on other ventures in 1958, when it also established its airline meal-catering branch. After an absence from commercial flights for over 30 years, it resumed offering flights in 1988 but did not fly internationally until 1991. In 2012, there were reports that TransAsia was considering the purchase of an Airbus in order to add flights to the United States. As of 2015, it provides ground services and ticketing for several other airlines.
Prior to the 2014 crash, TransAsia's last fatality occurred in 2002, killing two pilots who crashed into the sea. In 1995, one of the airline's cargo planes crashed into a mountain, killing four crew members. Other safety incidents for the past 20 years have been relatively minor and caused no fatalities.
The July 2014 crash is the deadliest in the carrier's history, resulting in 45 deaths and seven serious injuries. There are also reports of five casualties in the residential buildings into which the plane crashed. The February 2015 crash resulted in 43 deaths.