What Are Some Traits of Iceland's Geography?


Quick Answer

Iceland is a volcanic island country that has an area of 39,768 square miles and 3,088 miles of coastline. Its highest point is Hvannadalshnukur at 6,922 feet. It has a rugged landscape with sulphur beds, hot springs, lava fields, geysers, waterfalls and canyons dotting it. Iceland is a very volcanic region with approximately 200 volcanoes, the majority of which are active. The interior of Iceland is mostly an elevated plateau.

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What Are Some Traits of Iceland's Geography?
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Full Answer

A large area of Iceland is covered with snowfields and glaciers. In the interior, there is little land that is suitable for agriculture. Extensive grasslands are located in the north and are used by cattle and sheep to graze. The majority of Iceland's agriculture is practiced along the coast, which is where the majority of people live. Common agricultural products in Iceland include green vegetables and potatoes.

Iceland lies on the Iceland plume, a hotspot that formed Iceland millions of years ago. Iceland is susceptible to volcanic eruptions as well as earthquakes. The large amount of geothermal activity on the island serves as one of its primary sources of electric power.

Winters in Iceland are usually windy and mild, while summers are cool and wet. Iceland is located in the north Atlantic Ocean, a bit south of the Arctic Circle.

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