The top 10 communicable diseases in the Philippines, based on World Health Organization data, include tuberculosis, dengue fever, pneumonia, malaria, diarrhea, bronchitis, influenza, acute febrile illness, HIV, and lower respiratory tract infections. Eight of the top 10 causes of morbidity in the Philippines were communicable diseases.
Historically, HIV, malaria and tuberculosis have caused the highest number of deaths among communicable diseases. It is estimated that tuberculosis accounts for nine percent of all years of life lost in the country. Officially, the Philippines is listed as a low-risk country for HIV, with less than one percent of the population HIV positive. Malaria cases have also decreased over the past few years.