The three subregions of Latin America are South America, Central America and the Caribbean. Geographically, there are many river basins, mountains and coastal plains. Other major geographic landmarks include the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River Basin.
The Central America region includes Mexico, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Belize, Nicaragua, Honduras, Panama and Guatemala. South America includes Colombia, Chile, Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Ecuador, Guiana, Peru, Venezuela and Uruguay. The Caribbean region is comprised of the Bahamas, Aruba, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico and Jamaica.
The Andes are part of South America and are the world's longest mountain system, covering 5,500 miles. Some of it is volcanic, and its tallest peak is the Aconcagua. In South America, the Brazilian Highlands and Guiana Highlands are other significant mountainous areas.