Syria is located in the Middle East. Syria is bordered by Lebanon to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Israel to the southwest and Jordan to the south. Syria is also bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the west.
As of 2014, Syria covers a total area of about 71,500 square miles, making it the 89th largest country in the world. Syria's coastline stretches for approximately 120 miles. The capital of Syria is Damascus, which has a population estimated to be around 1.7 million people as of 2009. Damascus is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world. Syria has a population estimated to be nearing 18 million people as of 2014, making it the 61st most populated country in the world.