What Are Some Facts About Switzerland?


Quick Answer

Switzerland is a country located in central Europe. It covers a total area of about 16,000 square miles, making it the 136th largest country in the world, and it's a little smaller than double the size of New Jersey. Less than 10 percent of Switzerland's land area consists of arable land.

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Full Answer

Switzerland is situated east of France and to the north of Italy. Switzerland is also bordered by the countries of Austria, Lichtenstein and Germany. Switzerland does not have any coastline. The largest city of Switzerland is Zurich. Zurich had a population estimated to be over 380,000 people, as of 2013. Switzerland has a population of about 8 million people, as of 2014, making it the 96th most-populated country in the world. The official languages of Switzerland include French, German, Italian and Romansh.

Switzerland has primarily a temperate climate with cold and snowy winters, and cool-to-warm, humid summers. The terrain of Switzerland is characterized as being primarily mountainous with a central plateau. The tallest mountain in the country is Monte Rosa, with a peak elevation of about 15,200 feet above sea level. The lowest point is found at Lake Maggiore, at an elevation of about 640 feet above sea level.

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