Students study geography to learn the function of basic physical systems such as the Earth, sun, moon, wind currents and water cycles. Studying geography also teaches the physical locations and placements of territories on maps and within surrounding communities and helps students identify distances and spatial relationships of the land.
Geography teaches the processes of physical and human systems and shows how they have changed the surface of the Earth in the past and present. Learning about geography also helps students learn how to make decisions that affect the environment, the surface of the Earth, and the need for global interdependence among countries throughout the world.
The study of general geography aids students in understanding global warming and climate problems, water resource issues, and political policies and decisions that affect the planet. Studies of geography also help students understand the culture of specific regions, such as the contributions of the landscape of the land, traditional food, customs, language and religion.
From a historical standpoint, geography can teach people how customs have changed throughout the years and predict how the land will be used in the future. Educators claim that the study of geography helps students become educated global citizens because it provides an understanding of how humans and industrial practices impact the planet.