Students study geography to learn the function of basic physical systems such as the Earth, sun, moon, wind currents and water cycles. Studying geography also teaches the physical locations and placements of territories on maps and within surrounding communities and helps students identify distances and spatial relationships of the land.Continue Reading
Geography teaches the processes of physical and human systems and shows how they have changed the surface of the Earth in the past and present. Learning about geography also helps students learn how to make decisions that affect the environment, the surface of the Earth, and the need for global interdependence among countries throughout the world.
The study of general geography aids students in understanding global warming and climate problems, water resource issues, and political policies and decisions that affect the planet. Studies of geography also help students understand the culture of specific regions, such as the contributions of the landscape of the land, traditional food, customs, language and religion.
From a historical standpoint, geography can teach people how customs have changed throughout the years and predict how the land will be used in the future. Educators claim that the study of geography helps students become educated global citizens because it provides an understanding of how humans and industrial practices impact the planet.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
Tidal waves are caused by the gravitational pull of the sun and moon on the Earth. The moon's gravitational pull has a greater influence on Earth because it is closer. The moon creates a bulge in the ocean on the side of Earth closest to it.Full Answer >
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon moves directly between the Earth and the sun. The moon's shadow travels over the surface of the Earth and blocks out the light from the sun seen on Earth.Full Answer >
Crescent moons happen when Earth, the sun and moon are positioned in a way that only shows a portion of the reflected light on the moon. The result is a crescent-shaped light pattern.Full Answer >
The phases of the moon are caused by the relative positions of the sun, Earth and moon. The moon travels around the Earth, taking just over 29 days to complete a single orbit. The sun illuminates the moon from various angles as it changes position relative to the Earth.Full Answer >