Of the United States' 2014 population of 318,857,056 people, 77.4 percent identify as white, while 17.4 percent identify as Hispanic or Latino, making this the largest ethnic minority in the country. The next largest minority identifies as Black or African American, making up 13.2 percent of the nation's population.
Native Americans and Alaska Natives make up 1.2 percent of the United States' population, while individuals who identify as Asian make up 5.4 percent. 2.5 percent of American residents identify as two or more races. The smallest ethnic minority is comprised of individuals who identify as Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, making up .2 percent of the total population. Additional statistics include 12.9 percent of American residents being foreign-born, and 20.7 percent speaking a language other than English at home.
The U.S. Census Bureau allows individuals to identify race through social definition rather than through biological, anthropological or genetic means. As a result of this and the government's refusal to tell individuals which race to identify with, reported racial identity statistics are subjective in nature. In particular, individuals who identify as Hispanic or Latino origins can be of any race. One exception is Native Americans who, unlike other races, must maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment to qualify for inclusion.