Australia has six official states, including New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia. Tasmania is an island state just off the mainland. Australia also has two mainland territories, Northern Territory and Australian Capital Territory, which are partially self-governed.
New South Wales, situated in the southeastern region, features a diverse terrain that includes mountains, rainforests and coastal beaches. Sydney, it's capital city boasts the world-famous Harbour Bridge and Sydney Opera House.
In the northeast corner of the country, Queensland's coastal beaches are popular with tourists and surfers alike. Exuding modern style, Brisbane, the capital city, has a wide range of cultural attractions. The Great Barrier Reef runs along most of the Queensland coastline.
Victoria sits on the rugged southeastern tip of Australia. The capital city, Melbourne, is the second-largest city in the country. It is known for its multicultural community and for being the epicenter of sports in Australia.
South Australia sits squarely in the central southern region, home to part of the remote and desert-like Australian Outback. However, the region also features wine valleys along the rocky coasts. The capital, Adelaide, is known as the "City of Churches."
Western Australia is the largest state in Australia, covered primarily by the arid, sparsely populated Outback. Most people live in the lush southwest area of the state, which includes the capital city of Perth.
National parks and reserves cover much of Tasmania, an island off Australia's southeast tip. The island typically attracts wildlife-seeking tourists. The state's port city, Hobart, is the capital.