What are some state capitals?


Quick Answer

Each state has its own capital city; for example, Phoenix is the capital of Arizona, Boston is the capital of Massachusetts and Sacramento is the capital of California. Each state's capital functions as its respective center of government.

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Full Answer

State capitals are the location of a state's central government. The capitol building, state legislatures and governor's office are all found in the state capital. The capital city of a state is often not the biggest city in the state. In California, Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego are all larger in population than the state capital of Sacramento. This is true in many other states as well, such as Texas, with Austin being the state capital and Houston being the largest populated city, or New York, with Albany as the capital and New York City having the most people. Phoenix, located in central Arizona, is among the capital cities that are the most populated in the state, and it is the only U.S. state capital city with a population over 1 million, as of 2015.

Some states have changed capital cities in the past. The state capital of California has changed several times. First it was in San Jose, then Vallejo, then Benicia a year later, followed by Sacramento, San Francisco and finally Sacramento once again.

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