As of 2014, India is in the third stage of demographic transition where birth rates fall but the population continues to grow. There are four stages in demographic transition.
Demographic transition describes how populations within a country or area change over time. The first stage applies to less developed countries where they may have a high birth rate, but a large number of deaths due to preventable causes, which stabilizes the population numbers.
On the other hand, the fourth stage refers to a stabilized population in a developed nation due to lower birth rates and death rates. Stages two and three refer to the transitionary periods between stage one and four where deaths from preventable causes fall greatly and birth rates stabilize.