There is no actual date of discovery for Spain. However, recorded history shows the country was first settled by various groups before it was incorporated into the Roman Empire around 206 B.C.E.Continue Reading
Spain is a southwestern European nation that is surrounded by the North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea and Pyrenees Mountains. Situated just southwest of France, Spain comprises 85 percent of the Iberian Peninsula, while the rest is occupied by its nearest neighbor Portugal.
Throughout Spain's existence, this once renowned super power has been repeatedly conquered and settled by foreign invaders. The first to arrive was a group from Libya who entered Spain via a southern route. These early Iberians intermingled with the Celts who came next, forming a new multiracial group called the Celtiberians. This new race separated into various tribes and diffused throughout the peninsula.
Other groups of peoples founded settlements in Spain, including the Basques, Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians. With the defeat of the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, the ancient Romans took possession of Spain under Scipio Africanus. Around 412 C.E., the Visigoths controlled the country until a medieval Muslim group led by Tariq routed the barbarians in 711. Reconquest efforts by a predominantly Catholic faction resulted in the culmination of Islamic rule in Spain with the fall of Granada in 1492. The union of Ferdinand II and Isabella I paved the way for present-day Spain.Learn more about Europe