South America is renowned for its picturesque scenery, which is replete with a stunning array of tropical rainforests, extremely arid deserts, vast water systems, spectacular beaches and majestic mountain ranges with their snow-capped peaks. This continent is also famous for its diverse cultural aspects, which are manifested through various forms of expression, such as religion, language, cuisine, music and dance.
The South American continent is the fourth largest in the world and it encompasses a total of 12 countries, including Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, Guyana, Suriname, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela. As one of the most popular tourist destinations, this Latin American region offers numerous points of interest, in terms of its impressive natural landmarks, rich history and fascinating culture.
South America houses the Andes Mountains, Amazon River and Atacama Desert, which hold the global distinction of being the longest mountain system, largest river and driest desert, respectively. Historical sites, such as the Machu Picchu in the Cusco region of Peru is home to the ancient Incan civilization.
Argentina, which originated the famous dance tango, features prominent attractions such the Pampas, San Carlos de Bariloche, Mendoza, El Calafate and the country's capital city of Buenos Aires. Popular Brazilian tourist spots include Gramado, Foz do Iguacu, Jericoacoara, Ipojuca, Curitiba and Fortaleza. Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Sao Paulo are cultural hotspots in the country.