Before traveling from the United States to India, the required vaccinations can include hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever, Japanese encephalitis and rabies. Additionally, travelers should be up to date on routine shots or boosters, such as the mumps, measles, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, polio and pertussis, as noted by WebMD.
Travelers to India should begin vaccination at least 4 weeks prior to their departure, and as much as 6 weeks prior, states the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The reason for these additional vaccinations is that there is a risk of getting diseases, such as hepatitis A and typhoid, through eating or drinking contaminated foods or water in India. Similarly, hepatitis B shots may be necessary because this viral infection can be spread through contact with blood or sexual activity.
Depending on where travelers are visiting in India, they may also need to take medication to prevent getting malaria, states the CDC. Travelers, who are going to spend time outdoors or in rural areas of India, may also need rabies or Japanese encephalitis vaccines. If traveling with children, it is especially important that they also get vaccinated for rabies because they can come into contact with dogs and other animals that spread the disease through bites.
However, visitors from the U.S. do not need yellow fever vaccinations because there is no risk of this disease in the U.S. or India, notes the CDC. India does require vaccinations for visitors from countries with a risk for yellow fever.