Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia borders the countries of Jordan, Kuwait, Iraq, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. The Red Sea borders Saudi Arabia to the west, and the Persian Gulf borders the country to the east.
The country's coastline spans a total of about 1,600 miles. Saudi Arabia covers a total area of about 870,000 square miles, making it the 13th-largest country in the world, as of 2014. Much of the country's area is unoccupied, greatly consisting of desert terrain and having extreme temperatures. The capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia is Riyadh, which had an estimated population of about 5.7 million people, as of 2010. Saudi Arabia has a total population estimated to be over 27.3 million people, as of 2014.