Sarajevo is a city situated in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a country that is on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. Sarajevo alsoÂ is the capital of this country. Bosnia and Herzegovina shares borders with Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro.
Sarajevo is the largest city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of nearly 600,000 as of 2014. Some historic events occurred in this city, such as the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and his wife prior to World War I, and the siege of Sarajevo in 1992.
Bosnia and Herzegovina has a total area of 51,157 square kilometers. This country's terrain consists of mountains and valleys. The temperature can vary from hot summers to cold winters at low elevations. However, at high elevations, summers tend to be short and cool, while winters are extremely cold.