The state of Massachusetts is located in the Northeast region. The U.S. Census Bureau defines the Northeast region as the New England states of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island, along with the three Mid-Atlantic states of New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania.
The Department of Labor adds the District of Columbia, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, West Virginia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands to the Northeast region for its statistical purposes. A region is defined by many factors such as land mass, physical characteristics, religion, language, climate or government. The United States is commonly divided into five regions by geographical location: Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, West and Midwest.