Louisiana is in the southeastern region of the United States of America. The state sits above the Gulf of Mexico, and at the mouth of the Mississippi River, it also contains an abundance of swampland. It covers 51,988 square miles.
Louisiana lies to the east of Texas and to the west of Mississippi, and it is bordered by Arkansas to the north. The state originally became part of the country with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. It was made a state on April 30, 1812. The state's capital is Baton Rouge, but the best-known city in Louisiana is New Orleans.