According to the Society for Anglo-Chinese Understanding, the city of Shanghai is in the Chinese provincial-level division of Shanghai. The city is among China's most important urban centers.
Shanghai in Chinese means "on or above the sea," reflecting the city's status as a major port. Data from the 2009 State of China Atlas says that the population of the direct-controlled municipality is 18.6 million. The municipality is 89 percent urbanized, with 1 percent of the population being ethnic minorities. According to ChinaVine, Shanghai is a consistently growing city and home to more than 1 percent of China's entire population. It is also known for its cosmopolitan history.