According to the Central Intelligence Agency, the population of India as of July 2014 was 1,236, 344,631. It ranks second, behind China, in terms of the most populated countries in the world.
The majority of the population, at 40.6 percent, falls within the 25- to 54-year-old age range; 28.5 percent of the population are zero to 14 years old; 18.1 percent are 15 to 24; 7 percent are 55-64; and 5.8 percent are 65 or older.
The median age for India is 27 years old, which is rather young compared to the median age in the United States, 37.6 years old. A large majority of the population, 80.5 percent, is Hindu.
In India, life expectancy at birth ranks 164th in the world at 67.8 years; female life expectancy is approximately 2 1/2 years longer than males. This low life expectancy is due in part to what the CIA considers a very high degree of risk for individuals to contract a major infectious disease. India also has a fairly high infant mortality rate, ranked 50th in the world, and a high maternal mortality rate, ranked 55th in the world.
These numbers, along with several other indicators available on the CIA website, lead to perhaps one of the most significant statistics in today's world; a population growth rate of 1.25 percent.