A polar projection map shows only the Arctic and Antarctic areas. This map will only show 10 to 15 degrees from either the North or South Pole.
A polar projection map is classified as being azimuthal, and it is based on a plane that runs perpendicular to the axis of the Earth. This type of map is also known as a azimuthal equidistant projection. Mainly, it is used to detect both radio and seismic activity. This type of map projection may have been used by ancient Egyptians, but it was first documented in the 11th century by the Muslim scholar known as Al-Bruni.