What Is a Physical Region?

By Staff WriterLast Updated Apr 9, 2020 8:34:36 PM ET

A physical region is a part of the world that is defined as having a similar grouping of characteristics in terms of flora, fauna or distinguishing characteristics. Every country is broken up into smaller physical regions that are specific to those areas. A physical region is also referred to as a natural region.

Physical or natural regions are distinguishable by shared characteristics. This refers to things such as climate, vegetation and animal habitation. There are many classifications of natural regions, including tundra, desert, monsoon, tropical, deciduous and prairie. Others include grasslands, coniferous, moorlands, polar and savannah. Each of these areas has unique terrain, weather patterns and life forms that are often not shared among other types of environments.

Physical regions also relate to the different landscapes within a nation or state. Territories experience a broad range of various weather and ecological patterns, making it necessary to classify various places by the kinds of geography and biology they host. This helps with monitoring the health of the environment and practicing safe human expansion.

Generating a thorough understanding of each of these ecosystems is facilitated by listing the major characteristics of each physical region. The study of physical regions is referred to as ecology.