What Are the Physical Features of Newfoundland?


Quick Answer

Newfoundland, an island off the east coast of Canada, is dominated by the Long Range Mountains, with an average elevation of 2,200 feet, and has many bays, coves and small islands. Over 50 rivers drain Newfoundland's lakes, the largest being Grand Lake, Meelpaeg Lake and Red Indian Lake.

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Full Answer

The Long Range Mountains are an extension of the Appalachian Mountain range, a 1,500 mile chain that begins in Alabama and ends in the Canadian Maritime provinces. The mountainous west coast is heavily forested, while the northeast coast is carved by post-glacial bays, coves, fjords and islands. Arctic drift ice typically blocks the coastline from the winter months into early spring. The south coast also has bays and islands but is not generally subject to blockage from winter ice, although parts of the eastern Avalon Peninsula may experience ice floes in some years.

Inland areas of Newfoundland are hilly and rugged with heath vegetation and bogs. The lowlands are well-drained and have heavy forest growth. The eastern and southern coastal areas are the most heavily populated, while the west is more sparsely settled in large towns that sprang up around forest or mineral resource work. The effects of continental drifting and erosion have led to a wide variety of rocks on Newfoundland, both in age and type.

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