What Are the Physical Features of Nepal?

The physical features of the nation of Nepal include mountains, wetlands, hills, caves and plains. Because of its diverse topography, the country experiences a wide range of climates, including extreme cold and tropical rains.

Nepal, a small, rural country in South Asia, is landlocked by China to the north and India to the south, west and east. It is divided into three geographical areas: the Himalayan Mountain range, the mid region and the Terai Plains.

Most famous for the mountain range, Nepal is host to Mt. Everest, the tallest mountain in the world at just over 29,000 feet. Below the snowline, hardy forests and pastures flourish in the cold, dry climate of the mountainous region. The temperate climate and hilly topography of the country’s midlands attract a majority of the population. With most of Nepal’s industry being agricultural, many Nepalese live in this rural region to cultivate rice fields and other crops.

To the south are the Terai Plains, a tropical lowland with high summer temperatures and warm winters. From the months of June through September, the lowlands are soaked with monsoonal rains. The tropical forests house many exotic species of wildlife.

Nepal features more than 6,000 rivers, many of which are fed from the Himalayan snows or the lowland rains. There are also dozens of caves, some serving as religious pilgrimage sites.