What Are the Physical Features of India?

Christine Schneider/Photolibrary/Getty Images

India’s physical features include the Himalayan mountains, the Indo-Gangetic Plain and finally the plateau region. The country has a diverse climate, with the north being temperate and the south tending to be sub-tropical.

The tall and rugged Himalayan mountains dominate the northern part of India. The plains region is characterized by its flattening terrain and the large-scale agriculture that takes place there. Finally, the plateau region covers the southern and central parts of the country. This region contains the majority of India’s river systems, including the three largest rivers in the country, which are the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers.