What Are the Physical Features of Greece?

Greece contains numerous physical features, including mountains, lowlands, plains and coastal areas. Beaches, rivers and large tracts of open land cover the surface of Greece as do forests and lakes. Greece divides into three distinct geographical areas, and its islands contain differing topography and even climates, hosting various species of trees, plants and animals.

Greece takes the title of the southernmost European country and the European nation with the longest coastline. It shares borders with the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Greece contains a mainland, several outlying islands and a peninsula. The mainland contains tall, rugged mountains including the world-famous Mount Olympus.

Mount Olympus distinguishes itself as the highest mountain in Greece, reaching a height slightly less than 10,000 feet. This mountain appears in Greek mythology, reportedly once serving as home to Greek gods. Mount Olympus also contains Greece’s first national park, providing home to some endangered species of plants and wildlife.

Marine parks lie along Greece’s coastlines, protecting endangered species of fish, marine mammals and even migratory birds. Hardy shrubs grow throughout Greece, existing as small, thorny bushes resilient to dry, arid climates. Some herbs and plants grow in Greece as well, including oregano, thyme and rosemary. Rounding out Greece’s diverse topography are canyons, gorges, lakes, plains and wetlands.