What Physical Features Exist in Ghana?

Ghana's topography is mainly divided into four physical regions: coastal plain, coastline, forest belt and dry savanna. The country's landscape is predominantly made up of low-lying plains with a severely eroded upland area in south-central Ghana. Two of the most prominent lakes in Ghana are Lake Bosumtwi and Lake Volta, which is the world's largest man-made lake.

Ghana is located in the western African region, surrounded by the Gulf of Guinea. Formed from the union of the Gold Coast, Ashanti Protectorate, Northern Territories and British Togoland, Ghana is slightly smaller in size compared to Oregon. This tropical sub-Saharan nation encompasses approximately 92,000 square miles of territory, ranking as the 82nd largest country in the world. Ghana shares around 1,500 miles of its land borders with its nearest neighbors, Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire and Togo.

The coastal plains of Ghana extend in a northward direction into the interior of the country. Woodlands dominate the western coastal plain, although the area has been heavily deforested to support agriculture and human occupancy. The eastern coastal plain is interlaced with savanna forests and vast open countrysides. Deciduous forests dot the central Ghanaian belt, located north of the coastal plains. A third of the nation's northern section is dominated by grass vegetation, interspersed with deciduous forests. The Atlantic Ocean washes into Ghana's coastline, which stretches for 335 miles and marked by low seashores.