What Are the Physical Characteristics of Canada?

The geographical characteristics of Canada include the mountain ranges and high plateaus in the Cordillera region, the prairies in the interior plains, the Great Lakes in the Saint Lawrence lowlands, the forests in the Atlantic provinces, the tundra region in the Arctic North and the Canadian Shield, also known as the “Bouclier Canadien” or the “Laurentian Plateau.” The volcanoes in Canada, located in the western coast mountains, are mostly inactive.

Canada ranks as the second largest country on the planet, with a total land area of around 5,650,443 square miles and maritime territory of 553,743 square miles. Aside from its plain and often mountainous landscape, the country has the longest coastline in the world and contains numerous rivers and lakes.