Some of the most common foods eaten in Italy include cheese, pasta, rice, cured meats and vegetables. Food choices in the country also vary by region.
With hundreds of varieties to choose from, cheese is a top food in Italy. Romano, Asiago, Gorgonzola and ricotta are some of the most frequently used Italian cheeses.
Pasta and rice dishes are some of the most famous types of Italian foods. Lasagna, spaghetti, ziti, fusilli, linguine and many other types of pasta noodles are combined with a range of sauces, vegetables and cheeses. Risotto is a classic dish of Italy that is made with short grain rice, butter, wine, cheese and stock.
Italian cured meats such as prosciutto and pancetta are famous around the world. Meat is seasoned with blends of Italian herbs and spices. The Italian method of air drying cured meats is also widely appreciated worldwide.
Tomatoes, olives and artichokes are some of the vegetables favored in Italian cuisine. Tomatoes are added to sauces and many other recipes. Olives are also used to make olive oil, which is a dietary staple in Italy. In addition, a variety of wild mushrooms are featured in Italian cuisine. Fruits such as apples, pears, blood oranges and lemons are also plentiful.