Panama is a tropical country with rain forests and swamps, and because it has the Pacific Ocean on one side and the Atlantic Ocean on the other, it has mountains and sharp cliffs running alongside it. Though Panama is only 77,082 square miles (just smaller than South Carolina), it contains almost 500 rivers flowing across the length of the country.
The Cordillera de Talamnca is the most famous and distinct mountainous region in Panama. Volcan Baru, a dormant volcano, is the highest point of elevation in the country. The most well-known rivers in Panama are the Rio Chagres and Rio Chepo.
The tropical climate in Panama is hot, humid weather with a long rainy season stretching from May to January. The tropical, wet climate creates fertile ground for plant life, supporting forests, crops and swamps. The country's natural resources include mahogany forests, copper, hydro power and shrimp.
Natural hazards in Panama are severe storms and forest fires. Unfortunately, there are many man-made threats to the geography and natural resources of Panama: deforestation, mining, soil erosion and air pollution.
Panama is divided into nine provinces. Due to access to both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, there are many seaport cities and, of course, the Panama Canal. The neighboring countries to Panama are Costa Rica and Columbia.