Owned by the Italian cruise line Costa Crociere, the Costa Serena cruise ship is a sister ship to Costa Concordia, Costa Pacifica and Costa Favolosa. It is a member of the Concordia-class of ships and had her inaugural sailing in May 2007. The ship was built by Fincantieri in Sestri Ponente. A shipping company specializing in the Italian cruise business, Costa Crociere is operated by the Carnival Corporation and controls the German AIDA Cruises.
At the time of being christened, Costa Serena boasted having the largest wellness center on any cruise ship. In 2007, it had four swimming pools, two featuring retractable glass roofs and one with an oversized video screen, a Grand Prix driving simulator, and the largest capacity of any European cruise line with accommodations for up to 3780 passengers.
Costa Serena marked the 12th ship in the Costa Crociere fleet, with 15 ships included as of 2015. All of the ships fly the Italian flag and are registered in Genoa. In July 2015, Costa publicized the purchase of two ships in a new class of 180,000 tons for 6,600 passengers. Named with the intention to symbolize serenity and harmony and inaugurated in Marseille, France, Costa Serena departs from Shanghai.