The Mexican Revolution ended the military regime of the dictator Porfirio Diaz. Major political, economic and social reforms were subsequently established in the country.
The Mexican Revolution was fueled by the general disagreement among the people regarding the oppressive government under Diaz, whose administration was christened as the "Porfiriato." Although the constitution mandated a public electoral process, Diaz and his cronies were able to manipulate the elections in their favor. One faction that opposed Diaz was led by the wealthy industrialist Francisco I. Madero. He formed the Anti-Reeleccionista Party and ran for president in 1910. Madero eventually lost to Diaz after being imprisoned days before the election.
While in exile, Madero issued the manifest entitled "Plan of San Luis," which called for a violent uprising. One of the revolution's primary goals was to eliminate re-elections. Madero was joined by Francisco "Pancho" Villa in the northern states and by Emiliano Zapata in the southern regions. The combined rebel forces ultimately defeated Diaz in the capture of Ciudad Juarez, which was considered to be the pivotal point of the revolution. A power struggle for the leadership of Mexico occurred between 1911 and 1920.
Although many historians believe that the revolution ended in 1920, some claim it did not end until 1940. Within a span of 20 years, general reforms were introduced in Mexico. The "hacienda" system was abolished, labor unions and agricultural organizations were formally acknowledged, the oil industry was developed and a mixed economic system was established.