The country of Turkey was originally known as Anatolia, a distinguished civilization linking Asia and Europe. The name of Turkey was acquired after the arrival of Seljuk and other tribal Turks in the 11th century A.D.
Many Turkish emirates were established in Anatolia in the 13th century, including the Ottoman Turks. The Ottoman Empire was often referred to as the Turkish Empire and, eventually, Turkey. The modern name is officially the Republic of Turkey. According to an article in The New York Times in Nov. 2013, the animal known as the turkey was imported to Europe from the country of Turkey.