Oklahoma is the 46th state in the United States, its capital is Oklahoma City and its nickname is the "Sooner State." It officially became a state on November 16, 1907. Oklahoma has several state symbols, including the state flower, which is the mistletoe, the state tree, which is the redbud, and the state bird, which is the scissor-tailed flycatcher. The state's motto is "Labor Omnia Vincit," which is Latin for “Labor Conquers All Things.”
The name "Oklahoma" comes from the Choctaw Native American words "okla," which means "people," and "humma," which means "red." Thousands of Native American tribes were removed from their land to "Indian Territory" due to the Indian Removal Act in 1830. Many died during the removal, which is known as the Trail of Tears. The land was merged with Oklahoma Territory to form the state. As of 2016, 39 Native American tribes have their headquarters in the state.
Oklahoma experienced high winds and droughts during the 1930s, creating the Dust Bowl. As a result, many farms were destroyed and the population suffered during the Great Depression.
The state experiences a large number of tornadoes, especially Oklahoma City, which is located in the region known as "Tornado Alley." Over 140 tornadoes have hit the city, including five on June 8, 1974.