Portuguese is the official language of Brazil. Around 187 million Portuguese speakers lived in Brazil in 1998. Many municipalities and states with large immigrant or indigenous communities also have co-official languages, such as Tucuru in Mato Grosso do Sul and Pomeranian and German in Espirito Santo.
Brazil is home to 215 living languages. Many of these belong to the country's diverse array of indigenous populations. Some of these populations have a thriving linguistic culture, but around 154 of them are dying out. One indigenous language, Apiaká, for example, had only one speaker as of 2009, but another, Guajajára, had upwards of 15,900 in 2006. Brazil also has a number of immigrant languages. Standard German is the largest of these, with around 1.5 million speakers.