Some notable U.S. state capitals are Boston in Massachusetts, Providence in Rhode Island, Baltimore in Maryland, Santa Fe in New Mexico and Springfield in Illinois. These capitals either were part of the earliest years of the United States, or else connect with important figures in U.S. history.
Boston, Massachusetts played a major role in the 13 colonies' transition from being subjects of England to members of a new nation. The Boston Tea Party later became one of the most iconic events in the fight for American independence.
In addition to serving as one of the most important seaports in the New World, Providence, Rhode Island also influenced the outcome of the American Revolution. Baltimore, Maryland was the site of the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption, which was the first cathedral in the United States. Santa Fe, New Mexico was a center of life in the American Southwest for centuries.
Springfield, Illinois is perhaps most famous as the home of President Abraham Lincoln during a good part of his adult life. The city is currently home to both the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum, both of which preserve items from the man who became one of America's most famous presidents.