What was the Nile River used for?


Quick Answer

The Nile River was originally used a food source for the Egyptian civilization. Researchers believe that the Egyptian people began living around the river in 6,000 B.C.E.

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What was the Nile River used for?
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Full Answer

With very limited food sources found in the Egyptian deserts, the Nile River provided relief for the people in the region. The river provided an abundance of fish and the banks were an ideal growing environment for fruit trees.

Another benefit of the river was that it flooded and receded seasonally, which allowed people to grow wheat and barley in the rich soil.

The massive river also provided a defense for the Egyptians. Not only did the yearly flooding keep invaders out, the treacherous sands made it difficult to cross the desert.

The Nile supplied people with water. After learning how to purify it, communities all around the area were provided with water for drinking and cooking. The water was also used for basic purposes, including cleaning.

In addition, the Nile River provided transportation, and it was used to gain access to nearby areas. The wealthy built boats and ferried people across the river. Eventually, the river was used as a main shipping route. The stones used to build the ancient pyramids were shipped on boats and rafts.

Nile River Facts

  • The Nile River is the longest in the world at just over 4,000 miles.
  • The river is two miles wide.
  • The River continues to be a water source for 11 different countries
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