Throughout its long history, China's Yellow River has acquired several nicknames, including the Cradle of Chinese Civilization, China's Sorrow, Mother River of China or simply the River. In terms of length, the Yellow River is only second to the Yangtze River in China, spanning a total of approximately 3,395 miles.
The Yellow River derived its name from the abundant yellowish minerals called loess, which get deposited at the bottom of the river. Also known as Huang He, the Yellow River was revered by the Ancient Chinese. Its river banks became the site of the emergence of the first northern Chinese societies. Although it was the primary source of life for the fledgling civilizations, it also brought sorrow and death to the people from the frequent inundation of the river.