Nicaragua is known for being Central America's largest country and having a diverse climate that includes hurricanes and enough lakes and volcanoes to be known as "the land of lakes and volcanoes." With 70 different ecosystems, Nicaragua is also known for its ecological diversity.
Nicaragua is bordered by Costa Rica and Honduras, and it benefits from the Caribbean Sea and North Pacific Ocean. Due to its diverse climate, it has three different regions: the Pacific lowlands, Caribbean lowlands and the cooler highlands. Combined, each of these areas features 7 percent of the world's biodiversity and 70 ecological systems. Rainforests, cloud forests, mountains, freshwater lakes and volcanoes are present. The combination of rainforests and cloud forests allows for a diverse range of vegetation. Some of the animals present include howler monkeys, 700 species of birds, sea turtles and bull sharks.
Nicaragua has a diverse climate that features wet and dry seasons. The rainy season falls during August and September, with heavy rainfall that leads to greener areas, an influx of insects, turtle season, high temperatures and inaccessible roads. In contrast, the dry season causes yellowing landscapes, much higher temperatures and better driving conditions. The eastern part of the country tends to experience higher rainfall than the west, and although some of the mountainous regions are cool, much of Nicaragua is sunny enough for beach holidays.